External influences exerted by Islam and by Europe brought new ideas and culture to Africa during the Early Modern Era. After 1450, much of Africa was brought into the trading system of the world. They were often incorporated through the slave trade. It was through slavery that African culture was brought to the New World. During this time period, eastern Africa remained part of the Islamic trading system. Some parts of Africa formed independent states without outside and some areas are the result of direct European colonization.

Creation of an Atlantic System
Slave and Atlantic Trading Systems
White Settlers and Africans in Southern Africa
The African Diaspora

Africa was drawn into the world economy in the era of the slave trade. Its incorporation produced differing effects on African societies. In some cases it reinforced authority and in others it created new states. Although many aspects of African life followed traditional patterns, contact with the world economy forced many African societies to adjust. Slaves were taken against their wills from their homeland of Africa. They and their descendants drew on the cultures and practices of Africa to cope with slavery. They eventually created new vibrant forms of culture. This new culture, along with their labor skills, contributed to growth of new societies.