Africa: State Building, Politics, and Conflict (1450-1750)

State Building

In Africa, throughout this time period, new empires were on the rise. Some were native to the land, and others strangers to Africa. The Gold Coast and Ivory Coast started to rise during this time period. This was due to slave trade, it was much easier to transport slaves when you are right on the coast. The Akan people also had empires built from them. The Asante were the most powerful. Those were two examples of natives of Africa that built empires. An example of foreigners would be the Dutch East India Company creating Cape Colony.


The political power during this time period expanded to the Gold Coast. Empires sought to be there for easy trade maneuvering. Some empires in Africa preferred a more centralized system, such as the Kongo, others did not. Other nations looked to expand to Africa. The Dutch commanded to their Cape Colony at the bottom of Africa.


Their was conflict in this time period in a few different ways. Some were physical wars and other religious battles. Conflict between rival kingdoms created endless wars. Empires would even sell their own people as slaves to acquire weapons and ammunition for their wars. Another conflict was a battle between Islamic elites and animistic natives. After the fall of the Songhai the two sides clashed together in a violent religious battle.