5.1. Russian Empires
When Russia gained its independence from Mongol control, they began to emerge as a new power. Under Ivan III (the Great), Russia began to expand its boundaries. Ivan strengthened and helped Russia’s army to grow in size. This increase in military power helped Russian to grow in size; it stretched from the borders of Polish Lithuania to the Ural Mountains. The Mongol control left Russian deprived of basic Russian values and culture. Russian needed a rebuilding and during this rebuilding Ivan the Great continued to focus on the importance of military strength. After Ivan the Great, Ivan IV (the terrible), continued with the increase in Russian expansion through military strength and centralizing government control. With it increase in size and power Russia’s contact with Europe, East Asia, Central Asia, and the Middle East grew. Ivan the Great and Ivan the Terrible recruited peasants to move into the new land they had gained, changing the majority of Russia to be agricultural. The increased contact with the rest of the world help to increase trade as well, which led to further westernization. Another notable tsar, Peter I, followed suit of his predecessors by building tsarist control, increasing centralized control of Russia, and even more land expansion. Peter the Great was known for his strong combating of revolts, and maintaining central power. He also furthered westernization by mimicking certain European military styles.